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Background: To assess the risk of Childhood Obesity in Children with High Birth Weight in a Rural Cohort of Northern India. Materials & methods: A total of 100 children with high birth weight were enrolled in the present study. Another set of 100 children with birth weight within normal limits were enrolled as control group. Children with birth weight of more than 3500 gm were regarded as belonging to high birth weight group. Complete demographic and clinical details of all the subjects was obtained. Anthropometric details of all the subjects were also recorded. A Performa was made for evaluating the socio-economic details of all the subjects. All the results were summarized in Microsoft excel sheet and were subjected to statistical analysis using SPSS software. Results: Indoor playing was seen in 81 patients of high birth weight group and 88 patients of control group respectively. Outdoor playing was seen in 99 patients of high birth weight group and 100 patients of control group respectively. Physical activity daily was seen in 61 patients of high birth weight group and 78 patients of control group respectively. Daily time of physical activity was 146.6 minutes and 161.7 minutes among patients of high birth weight group and control group respectively. Daily time of physical activity was a significant risk factor of childhood obesity. Conclusion: If society focuses on the causes, it may be possible to slow the growth of the childhood obesity problem. There are numerous factors that contribute to childhood obesity, some of which are more important than others.
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