Efficacy of Health Belief Model-Based Intervention for Enhancing Nursing Staff Beliefs Regarding Osteoporosis Prevention at Primary Health Care Centers

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Mohammed SH. Ahmed, Zahid J. Mohammed, Raad F. Kareem


Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of Health Belief Model Based-intervention for enhancing post-menopausal nurses' belief regarding osteoporosis prevention.

Method and Materials: A quasi-experimental  design is carried out on a purposive “non-probability” sample of (60) post-menopausal nurses , who are attending the primary health care centers in Mosul City.  A questionnaire has been developed for the purpose of the study. Content validity and internal consistency reliability for the study instrument are determined through a pilot study. Data are collected with the study instrument and the interview technique as means of data collection The data was analyzed by using percentage, frequency, mean, standard deviation and chi-square.

Results: Finding show participants characteristics, the mean age is 53.467, the age 56- to 60 years old were recorded the highest percentage (43%), Respect to the education level most of post-menopausal nurses were secondary in nursing (70%); and their nursing institute graduate& nursing college graduated (30%), The results demonstrated that the difference was higher among the intervention group than the control group.

Conclusion: The developed osteoporosis education program using the health belief model had a remarkable and significant impact for enhancing post-menopausal nurses' health belief regarding osteoporosis prevention behaviors. The HBM-based intervention seemed more successful in raising participants' knowledge, altering their view of osteoporosis, and inspiring them to engage in preventative behaviors to lower their risk of developing osteoporosis and its effects.

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