A clinical investigation linked the incidence of myopia in young adulthood to periodontitis and dental caries

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Dr. Aashima Gupta, Dr. Aswani Kumar, Dr. Nitin Kudyar, Dr. Varsha Rathod, Dr. Bharat Gupta, Dr. Sachin B Mangalekar


Aim: Inflammation and collagen abnormalities may both affect oral and ocular health. Previous research have shown contradictory outcomes, nevertheless. Examining whether or not myopia in young people is linked to dental caries and periodontitis was the focus of this research. Materials and methods: This research comprised 1000participants aged 19 to 39 who were scheduled for dental and vision screenings between 2022 and 2023. Myopia severity was ranked from nonexistent to severe, low myopia and high myopia. Myopia was found to be correlated with active dental caries, filled teeth, periodontitis stages II and III, smoking, alcohol consumption, number of missing teeth, blood leukocyte counts, triglyceride levels, high-density lipoprotein levels, and uric acid levels in a multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results: There was a statistically significant increase in the probability of low or high myopia for those with any actively dental caries present but no such increase was seen for those with treated teeth. In addition, only extreme myopia was linked to advanced stages of periodontitis and was not observed with low myopia. Conclusions: Our findings imply that the dental inflammatory state in the oral cavity may be linked to ocular disorders, since only actively developing dental caries and increased severity of periodontitis were associated with myopia among young persons.

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