Assessment of the Effect of Complete Dentures on Respiratory Performance: A Spirometric Analysis

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Dr. Rajeev Raina, Dr. Ranjna kumari, Dr. Esha Bali, Dr. Sarbjeet Singh , Dr. Harvinder Singh, Dr. Jasjit Kaur Sahota


Background: One of the most significant physiological processes is thought to be respiration. A prosthodontist should concentrate on building a thorough understanding of the patient in order to prepare patients to recognise the sort of prosthesis they need. The purpose of the current study was to determine how full dentures affected pulmonary function.

Materials and Methods: The study comprised 100 individuals with a complete edentulous arch and a history of wearing complete dentures for at least five years. Each and every spirometric procedure was performed by trained technicians. A diagnostic spirometer was used to perform the spirometrictest.There were four stages to the testing process: stage 1, testing without a denture, stage 2, testing with both dentures in place, stage 3, testing with a maxillary denture only, and stage 4, testing with a mandibular denture only.Forced vital capacity (FVC), peak expiratory flow (PEF), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), and forced expiratory flow 25%–75% (FEF25–75) were the measurements used to determine the outcomes of the spirometrictest.Each outcome was examined using SPSS software.

Results: The spirometric value of FVC, PEF, FEV1, and FEF25–75 in the absence of both maxillary and mandibular dentures  was found to be 4.23, 6.21, 3.64, and 1.89, respectively. The spirometric value of FVC, PEF, FEV1, and FEF25–75 in the presence of both maxillary and mandibular dentures was found to be 2.21, 3.98, 1.55, and 1.06, respectively. While analyzing statistically, it was seen that there was a significant decrease in the value of spirometric variables in the presence of dentures.

Conclusion: The aforementioned data show that people with edentulousness who wear dentures for an extended period of time are susceptible to spirometric alterations. As a result, these patients should receive immediate counselling on the various respiratory exercise regimens.

Keywords: Complete denture, spirometry, Forced vital capacity.

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