Effectiveness of an Educational Program on Operating Theater Nurses Knowledge about Prevention of Varicose Veins

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Fatima Hassan Shakier, Aqeel Habeeb Jasim


Background: The most prevalent vascular condition in humans, varicose veins of the lower extremities produces serious signs and symptoms in patients, necessitating surgical procedures, and causing significant morbidity and the nursing profession is seen as a high-risk occupation where prolonged standing and sitting are necessary job positions. Considering that nurses make up a large portion of the healthcare workforce, such demanding jobs might cause disruptions and raise the chance of developing varicose veins. Objective: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of an educational program on operating room nurses' knowledge of varicose vein prevention.  Method: a quasi-experimental design study was conducted from 11th September 2022 to 10th May 2023 at Al-Nasiriyah teaching hospital Questionnaire was filled out by 70 nurses who work in an operating theater chosen by non-probability (purposive) selection in order to gather data.  Result: nurses in the study group are showing a poor level of knowledge during the pre-test time (71.4%, M±SD= 4.86 ± 3.549), while they show a good level of knowledge during the post-test time (100%, M±SD= 19.37 ± 1.437) that indicate the significant changes in their level of knowledge after applying the educational program. Conclusion: The high significant difference in the score of knowledge before and after the program can we conclude the program was an effective program to increase the awareness of nurses about the prevention of varicose veins  

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