A Comprehensive Analysis of the Ergonomics of Hand Grip Strength using Gender, Hand Dominance and Wrist Position as Key Variables

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Jitendra Patel, Sonika A Agarwal, Shweta Sodha, Pratik Akhani


Background and Objectives: The study of grip endurance is relatively underexplored, despite its significant practical implications in various fields. This research seeks to address this gap by investigating the impact of gender, hand dominance and wrist position on hand grip strength.

Materials and Methods: Hand grip strength was assessed in normal, flexed and extended wrist positions in both hands in 148 healthy right-handed individuals (58 females, 90 males) using a hand grip dynamometer and standard technique.

Results: The results revealed that hand grip strength was more in males and in dominant hand. Also, the hand grip strength was maximum in normal wrist position, followed by extended and flexed position.

Conclusion: These findings have clinical relevance for decisions regarding wrist pathology management, benefiting both surgeons and therapists. These findings endorse the routine use of grip strength either as a standalone measurement or as part of a comprehensive assessment battery for identifying adults at risk of poor health status.

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