The Effect of Visual External Focus of Attention by Using Motion Guidance® Device to Developing Balance Among Practicing Women Aged 55-65 Years

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Maymona Qasem Mahdi, Usama Altay


The purpose of this paper is to knowledge the effect of using the external focus of attention-EFA technique by using the visual stimulus and using the (Motion Guidance-MG®) tool to develop balance and reduce the risk of falling versus using the internal focus of attention. The researchers used the experimental approach by designing the control and experimental groups. The research sample consisted of women practicing sports in the Iraqi Hunting Club, with (12) women at the age of (55-65) years, and they were divided into two groups, each of which consisted of (6) women. The experimental group used the external attention focus by using the visual stimulus, while the control group used the internal attention focus. The arithmetic mean for the research sample in measurements of height, weight and age was (163.50 ± 5.02 cm) (83.36 ± 12.59 kg) (58.93 ± 2.76 years) respectively. The research tests were determined by the 4-Stage Balance Test of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-CDC functional reach test. The exercises continued for a period of (8) weeks, at a rate of (3) times a week, and within the evening training period of one hour. The statistical bag (SPSS.V26) was used to obtain the search results. The researchers concluded that the use of visual external attention focus had a significant effect on the balance and functional reach tests, and its superiority over internal attention focus. As well as the effectiveness of using the laser motion guidance tool in developing balance and reducing falls.

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