The Evaluation of Examining Pregnancy Outcomes in Pregnant Women with Intrauterine Growth Restriction Stages Two and Three: A Cross Sectional Retrospective Study

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Sara Sohrabpour, Razieh Mohamadjafari, Mojgan Barati, Najmieh Saadati


Background:Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is one of the major problems in developing countries such as Iran.

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the pregnancy outcomes in pregnant women with intrauterine growth restriction.

Materials and methods: This study was a retrospective and cross-sectional epidemiological study that was performed from the beginning of December 2019 to the end of September 2021 on all pregnant women referred to Ahvaz Hospital with the diagnosis of IUGR in stages two and three. Patient information such as gestational age, number of pregnancies, underlying diseases and additional information such as age of delivery, cause of termination and method of Apgar and neonatal hospitalization were retrospectively extracted from their files and finally the data using soft SPSS software was analyzed.

Results: In this study, 54 women with a mean age of 27.7 years were studied. In this study, 18.5% of infants died, which was more likely to die in 3th grade of IUGR. The age of termination of pregnancy in the majority of women was more than 32 weeks (50%). Regarding IUGR grade, 49 patients (90.7%) had grade 2 intrauterine growth restriction and 5 patients (9.3%) had grade 3 intrauterine growth restriction.

Conclusion: The results showed that neonatal weight, 1 and 5 minute Apgar scores, length of hospital stay in NICU and neonatal mortality had a significant relationship with their gestational age so that at older gestational ages there were fewer complications and consequences.

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