Periodontal Findings in patients with Oral Submucous Fibrosis

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Dr. Bidyut Chakraborty, Dr. Bharathi S H Principal, Dr. C Sreepradha, Dr. Rutuj G Jadhav, Dr. Pavan Shrimant Dorkar



Background: This study was conducted to assess the Periodontal Findings in patients with Oral Submucous Fibrosis. Material and methods: The study group (group A) was made up of 100 subjects with OSMF out of which 60 were males and 40 were females. The control group (group B) was made up of 100 patients of the same age of which 70 were males and 30 were females and who did not have OSMF and were going for restorative treatment of dental cavities or impacted teeth. For each patient, a custom-made case proforma was used that asked for information about their personal, medical, and dental history. Results: The mean MGI, PI, as well as BI in group A were 1.21, 1.98, as well as 1.33, accordingly, which was higher compared to group B, which were 0.74, 1.12, and 0.94, accordingly. This variation among the two groups was numerically significant. 20 subjects in group A (20%) and 75 subjects in group B (75%) had chronic gingivitis. 80 subjects (80%) in group A and 25 patients (25%) in group B had chronic periodontitis. Group A showed higher mean PD, AL, and GR, at 1.75, 1.09, and 0.64 mm, respectively, compared to group B, at 1.53, 0.58, and 0.11 mm, correspondingly. Comet cells were also observed. Conclusion: OSF caused considerable changes in the gingiva, and the presence of comet cells in all OSF patients is a strong signal of potential pathognomonic developments.

Keywords: periodontal, oral submucous fibrosis, plaque index, probing depth.


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