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Heliopsis longipes is a rare species of flowering plant fall in the family Asteraceae. The geographical locations for the H.longipes is states of Guanajuato, sanluispotosi, and Queretaro in north-central Mexico. chilcuague is a local name and other names include Aztecs gold root. In Mexico the prehispanic populations believed it is a powerful medicine. The origin of chilcuague word is in the Nahuatl because this plant was recognized as Chilcoatl (chil means spicy and coatl for the shape of its roots that’s looks like a snake).The photochemical constituents present in the plant include sterols, tannins, phenolic compounds ( Hydroxybenzoic acid, Caffeic acid, Coumaric acid ), Flavanoids (Rutin, Apigenin, Genistein, Quercetin, Naringenin ) and N-alkamides ( Affinin). Pharmacological studies reported analgesic, anesthetic, antimicrobial, anti-arthritic, anti inflammatory, antimutagenic, antinociceptive, insecticidal, larvacidal, molluscicidal, proangiogenic effect and thermal hyperalgesia(mouse) properties of Heliopsis longipes. The main aspect of this review article includes the detailed Information of the morphological characters, phytochemicals , and pharmacological aspects of Heliopsis longipes in an attempt to provide a direction to the researcher for further research.
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