Incidence of Peri- Implantitis among known population

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Dr. Lahari Buggapati, Dr. S. Vajra Madhuri, Dr.Radhika.B, Dr. Shweta Halemani, Dr. Monisha Tiwari Mishra, Dr.Rohit Wadhwa


Background: This study was conducted to assess the Incidence of Peri-Implantitis.

Material and methods: The population included both male as well as female patients over the age of 18 who had a single crown cemented in place, a single crown screwed in place, a fixed screw-retained partial prosthesis, a fixed cemented partial prosthesis, a partial prosthesis with a cantilever, a complete hybrid prosthesis, a metal-ceramic prosthesis, or an overdenture secured to two or four implants.

Results: Out of 100, 50 subjects were males and 50 were females. It was seen that out of 100 subjects, peri-implantitis was observed in 45 subjects. The study also found that peri-implantitis is significantly less common among nonsmokers (5 patients) than it is among smokers (21 patients who smoke less than 10 cigarettes daily and 11 patients who smoke more than 10 cigarettes daily). Alcohol consumption is another factor with statistically significant findings. Peri-implantitis is more significant in heavy smokers (7 patients) than in those who don't smoke at all (29 participants).

Conclusion: Our study's findings suggest that a higher lifetime exposure to tobacco products (more cigarettes smoked per day) is associated with an increased risk of getting peri-implantitis.

Keywords: peri-implantitis, smoking, periodontal, incidence.

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