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Ethanomedicinal-based plant medicine plays a vital role in health care around 80% of the world's population depends on herbal medicine. The annual or ephemeral herb Parthenium hysterophorus is an upright, heavily branched member of the family Asteraceae. It occurs by various names, including Congress Weed, Carrot Weed, and Wild Feverfew. The Scourge of India is one of the most dreaded noxious weeds. It was unintentionally introduced to India in 1956 through imported food grains.P. hysterophorus is used to treat fever, anemia, heart problems, ulcerated sores, and wounds. It is thought to be the root cause of a variety of clinical patterns, including allergic respiratory issues, contact dermatitis, and mutagenicity in both humans and animals. Additionally, P. hysterophorus has a number of health advantages, including relief from neuralgia, tinnitus, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, urinary tract infections, malaria, psoriasis, and skin inflammation. The first steps in isolating a new biologically active molecule, which leads to the discovery of new medications, are phytochemical and biological activity screening. P. hysterophorus is frequently used to treat a variety of ailments in traditional medicine. The crude extract of the plant was examined phytochemically to provide a rationale for the traditional applications of P. hysterophorus. Terpenoids, flavonoids, saponins, and steroids are only a few of the different kinds of bioactive secondary metabolites found in the plant. The fresh plant extract's antimicrobial capacity was examined. The current study demonstrates the ability of these plants to treat a variety of diseases and may aid in the future development of novel medications derived from these plants.
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