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Aim of Study: This study aimed to investigate the effects of two distinct interventions, Maitland Mobilization and McKenzie exercises, on individuals suffering from Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction (SIJD).
Material and Methods: Over a 10-month period, an experimental investigation was conducted at the Body Expert Physical Therapy Clinic, enrolling 60 male and female participants aged 18 to 60 years, all experiencing sacroiliac joint pain. Participants exhibited acute or sub-acute pain lasting 4 to 12 weeks and met specific diagnostic criteria. Patients with certain medical conditions were excluded. The participants were randomly assigned to either Group A (Maitland Mobilization) or Group B (McKenzie exercises). Pre- and post-treatment assessments were conducted, and patient data was collected using various measures, including the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for pain assessment and the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) for disability evaluation. Both groups also received a standard 20-minute hot therapy session.
Results: The results demonstrated significant improvements in pain levels, lumbar flexion, lumbar extension, and disability scores for both groups <0.05. In Group A, Maitland Mobilization led to a substantial reduction in pain scores and notable enhancements in lumbar mobility. Similarly, Group B, which underwent McKenzie exercises, experienced significant pain reduction and improved lumbar flexibility and extension.
Conclusion: These findings underscore the effectiveness of both Maitland Mobilization and McKenzie exercises as interventions for individuals with SIJD. Patients and healthcare providers can consider these approaches to effectively manage pain and enhance functional outcomes. Further research is warranted to explore the comparative effectiveness of these interventions in specific patient populations and clinical settings.
Keywords: Sacroiliac joint, mobilization, dysfunction, Maitland, McKenzie exercises.
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