Age-Related Variations in Cardiovascular Disease Outcomes: An Analytical Study in a Clinical Setting

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Emad Ali Al Khoufi


Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Understanding how CVD presentation, treatment responses, and outcomes differ by patient age is crucial to improving age-specific care. This study analyzed variations in CVD patterns and outcomes across age groups in a clinical setting.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using data from 230 CVD patients treated at select hospitals in Saudi Arabia. Patients were stratified into age brackets <40 years, 40-60 years, and >60 years old. Demographic, clinical, treatment, and outcome data were extracted from electronic records. Comparative and regression analyses identified variations between age groups.

Results: Marked age-related differences emerged in CVD type prevalence, treatment patterns, complication rates, recovery time, readmissions, risk factor profiles, and prognostic indicators. Heart disease and heart failure increased with age while smoking declined. Older patients above 60 years received less aggressive treatment but required longer hospitalizations and had higher complications and readmissions. Predictors of adverse outcomes included advanced age, hypertension, inflammation, and anemia.

Conclusion: This study highlights the need for targeted age-specific CVD prevention and management strategies. Customized treatment plans factoring in age-related risks, comorbidities, and physiological status are advocated over one-size-fits-all protocols. Further research through expanded, collaborative data is warranted to optimize CVD outcomes across the lifespan.

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